If you have been having trouble sleeping lately, it could be a result of a decrease in the production of melatonin. Melatonin is a sleep hormone, produced when the body senses that it is getting dark outside. As it gets later, the body starts to increase melatonin levels until it peaks at around 3am, when the body’s temperature is at its lowest. Produced by the pineal gland in the brain using amino acids from the diet, melatonin helps the body to control sleep cycles and regulates the natural urge to fall asleep.

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